“In February 1924 Pound began his only known attempt to compose a work based upon a poem of his own, Sestina: Altaforte (1909). Verifying the poem’s permutations in the British Museum at the time its composition, Pound followed the traditional sestina form of the poem—six sestets and a concluding tercet. Each of the end words of the lines of the first sestet are repeated in a specified different order in each of the subsequent five stanzas. As can be seen above, the temptation to read “Damn it all!” as a colloquial emphatic anapest is dissuaded by Pound’s more pungent cretic ( – ˘– ), giving equal emphasis to “Damn-all.” At the end of the line a spondee (two quarter notes) gives accentuation to “stinks peace,” correcting a tendency to slight “stinks” as a moderately unstressed syllable if giving “South stinks peace” the quite natural reading of a cretic. Similarly, in line six of the same stanza, “heart nigh mad” might be rendered a cretic, yet Pound’s musical setting as three stressed syllables heightens the emotional pitch of the poem by raising the tension on “nigh.” . . .
“Under the influence of Antheil’s “fractional metrics” [applied to the opera Le Testament] the solo violin sestina utilizes a constant shifting of the number of microbeats per bar from 1/4 to 21/32, with a frequency of triple and quintuple meters presaging the metric simplification of his music over the next two years. Yet Pound’s notation is not secure enough to avoid frequent miscalculations of the note lengths versus the time signatures.
“A chordal piece with almost no single notes, frequently using triple- and quadruple-stops with one to three open strings, it repeatedly necessitates the use of “broken chords” or arpeggiation. The result is often a scratchy, disjointed, leaping quality as the player prepares the fingers to approach each new multiple stop. Yet the “breaking” of the chord also favors a clarification of the harmony by lessening the biting dissonance to produce a more consonant sound, often focusing on open fifths or, in arpeggiation, the sweetened effect of an incomplete major seventh chord. Although aesthetically clarified by a few interpretive markings (bowings, accents, staccati, glissandi, sordino, string specification), technically the piece is filled with impracticalities: jagged, wide leaps; constant multiple stops; and some extremely difficult quadruple- stops, which at best render the work barely playable, if not unplayable. (These challenging famous last words often eventually offer an extremely good performance!)” . . .
Bertrans de Borns
Bertrans de Born appears to Dante and Virgil in the Malebolge of Dante’s Inferno, 28:118, holding his head in his hand, the punishment sowing strife and “for the goad of his tongue, and for his scorn of sloth, peace, cowardice, and the barons of Provence” (Spirit of Romance, 45). Bertrans has written about himself “Every day I contend and contest and skirmish, and defend and carry backward and forward the battle; and they destroy and burn my land, and make wreck of my trees, and scatter the corn through the straw, and I have no enemy, bold or coward, who does not attack me (ibid., 46). The illustration is from Gustav Doré’s 1861 self-published illustrations of The Inferno, http://www.worldofdante.org/
1909: Sestina Altaforte published in English Review, Ford Maddox Hueffer, ed.; Pound declaims his poem at the Poet’s Club monthly meeting at the Tour Eiffel restaurant in London.
[Aside: F. T. Marinetti publishes the founding manifesto of Futurism on the front page of the 20 February 1909 issue of the Parisian daily Le Figaro]
1924: Music composition, Sestina Altaforte.
17 May 1939: Pound records Sestina Altaforte, accompanying himself on drums, for the Harvard Vocarium series, Cambridge, MA
8 May 2010: World premiere of Sestina Altaforte, Giuliano Cavaliere violinist, “La poetica musica di Ezra Pound,” Contemporanea Stagione, Progetto Calliope, Tonino Battista Direttore, at Parco della Musica, Rome, Italy.
5 September 2014: American premiere of Sestina Altaforte, Benjamin Kreith, violinist, at Book/Shop, 487D 49th Street, Oakland, California.
16 October 2014: Concert, Benjamin Kreith, violinist, Shinkoskey Noon Concert series, Mondavi Center, Davis, California
Audio files [insert mp3 files here]: See mp4 file I sent. You may have to have it converted to mp3. Software available online for the conversion. File is to be playable ONLY, not downloadable.
Caption for audio:
Private recording. Violin: Benjamin Kreith. © 2001 è 2014. All rights reserved. Used with permission.
What Pound said of Bertran de Born:
“A little while after [Peire d’Auvergne and Guillaume of Cabestang] came the other two who form with Daniel the great triad mentioned in De Vulgari Eloquentia (II,2): Giraut of Bornelh and Bertrans de Born” (Spirit of Romance, 44).
The Music Manuscript
Beinecke Rare Book and Manuscript Library, YCAL 53, Box 44, Folder 988
Pound, Ezra, Complete Violin Works of Ezra Pound, Ed. Robert Hughes, engraved music scores, commentary, Emeryville CA: Second Evening Art, 2004.
Pound, Ezra, “Proença,” in The Spirit of Romance, New York: New Directions, 1968.
Sieburth, Richard, “The Sound of Pound: A Listener’s Guide” http://writing.upenn.edu/pennsound/x/text/Sieburth-Richard_Pound.html
Ezra Pound, “Dateline,” Literary Essays (LE), 74–75.
The poem appears in Personae (New York: New Directions, 1990), 26–28. Pound did not set the last tercet to music.