|Latham and Rogers. Modernism||Culligan Flack. Modernism and Homer|
|Gross. The Pound Reaction||Padgett. War of the Poets|
Sean Latham and Gayle Rogers
Modernism: Evolution of an idea.
London: Bloomsbury, 2015.
What exactly is “modernism”? And how and why has its definition changed over time?
Modernism: Evolution of an Idea traces the development of the term “modernism” from cultural debates in the early twentieth century to the dynamic contemporary field of modernist studies. Rather than assuming and recounting the contributions of modernism's chief literary and artistic figures, this book focuses on critical formulations and reception through topics such as:
- The evolution of “modernism” from a pejorative term in intellectual arguments, through its condemnation by Pope Pius X in 1907, and on to its subsequent centrality to definitions of new art by T. S. Eliot, Laura Riding and Robert Graves, F. R. Leavis, Edmund Wilson, and Clement Greenberg
- New Criticism and its legacies in the formation of the modernist canon in anthologies, classrooms, and literary histories
- The shifting conceptions of modernism during the rise of ge
nder and race studies, French theory, Marxist criticism, postmodernism, and more
- The New Modernist Studies and its contemporary engagements with the politics, institutions, and many cultures of modernism internationally
With a glossary of key terms and movements and a capacious critical bibliography, this is an essential survey for students and scholars working in modernist studies at all levels.
Introduction: Is There a There There?
1 The Emergence of Modernism
3. Iron Fillings
Critical Bibliographies for the New Modernist Studies
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Leah Culligan Flack
Modernism and Homer: The Odysseys of H.D., James Joyce, Osip Mandelstam, and Ezra Pound
Cambridge: Cambridge UP, 2015.
This comparative study crosses multiple cultures, traditions, genres, and languages in order to explore the particular importance of Homer in the emergence, development, and promotion of modernist writing. It shows how and why the Homeric epics served both modernist formal experimentation, including Pound's poetics of the fragment and Joyce's sprawling epic novel, and sociopolitical critiques, including H.D.'s analyses of the cultural origins of twentieth-century wars and Mandelstam's poetic defiance of the totalitarian Stalinist regime. The book counters a long critical tradition that has recruited Homer to consolidate, champion and, more recently, chastise an elitist, masculine modernist canon. Departing from the tradition of reading these texts in isolation as mythic engagements with the Homeric epics, Leah Flack argues that ongoing dialogues with Homer helped these writers to mount their distinct visions of a cosmopolitan post-war culture that would include them as artists working on the margins of the Western literary tradition.
Introduction: making Homer new
Part I. High Modernism and Homer:
1. 'To have gathered from the air a live tradition': Pound, Homer, modernism
2. 'The reading of Homer was transformed into a fabulous event': Mandelstam's modernist Odyssey
3. 'Damn Homer, Ulysses, Bloom, and all the rest': 'Cyclops', disorder, and Joyce's monster audiences
Part II. Late Modernism and Homer:
4. 'ACTUALITY gets in front of Olympus': Pound's late visions and revisions of Homer
5. 'What song is left to sing? All song is sung': H. D., Homer, modernism
Appendix: Russian text of Mandelstam's poems.
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The Pound Reaction Liberalism and Lyricism in Midcentury American Literature
Heidelberg: Universitätsverlag Winter, 2015
Ezra Pound was confined in a mental institution and facing treason charges when he won the first Bollingen Prize in 1949. Pound’s defenders claimed that the prize proved artistic freedom to be alive and well in the United States. Only totalitarian regimes forced artists to tow the party line. The Pound Reaction explores how a number of writers responded to this free speech defense of Pound’s poetry.
Those discussed include Bollingen committee member Karl Shapiro, who believed that his vote against Pound ruined his career; W. H. Auden, who voted for Pound but suggested his work should be suppressed; Peter Viereck, the poet and conservative thinker whose father was a convicted Nazi propagandist; John Berryman, who struggled with the legacy of Pound’s anti-Semitism throughout his career; and Katherine Anne Porter, who voted to honor Pound’s poetry but thought the poet should stand trial (he never did). Other writers discussed include Lowell, Bishop, Plath, Ginsberg, and Leslie Fiedler.
I. Lyrical Freedom and Institutional Confinement: Following in Pound’s Footsteps 43
II. Liberalism and Lyricism, or Karl Shapiro’s Elegy for Identity 67
Trial of a Poet 69
Individualism and Identity 73
Identity as Confession 79
Shapiro’s Elegy for Identity 83
III Individualism, Auden’s Anxiety, and the Liberal Unconscious 95
An Age Takes a Name 96
Auden’s Anxiety 104
Pound beyond the Pale 120
IV “When conservatism was still a dirty word ...”:
Modernism, New Conservatism, and Peter Viereck’s “Poetry of Ideas” 127
The Pound Reaction and the Liberal Aesthetic 136
Conservatism and Literature: Viereck contra Pound 139
Remembering Viereck: “When conservatism was still a dirty word” 154
Forget Viereck 163
V “Pull Down Vanity”: Porter, Fiedler, and the Pornographic Imagination
(A Prosaic Interlude) 165
Porter: The Passionate Limits of Individualism 173
Love and Death at Midcentury 189
VI Imaginary Jews and True Confessions: Ethnicity, Lyricism, and John Berryman’s The Dream Songs 201
“The Imaginary Jew” and the Mirror of Anti-Semitism 205
Genocide, Poetry, and the Doctrine of Impersonality 209
The Dream Songs, Impersonation, and Palatable Monstrosity 214
Imaginary Jews, True Confessions, and Ethnicity 219
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War of the Poets
Adp Publishing, 2015.
Herein are some of the most entertaining and key literary wars waged between Britain's Poets in the Georgian, Bloomsbury and Modernist groups between 1919 and 1939. Its sources are fragments of a broken landscape of letters and biographies of T. S. Eliot, Lewis, Sassoon, Auden, Sitwell, Campbell, Day-Lewis, Spender, Owen, Graves, West, Sackville-West, Wolfe, Woolfe, Coward, Moore, Gollancz, Frankau, Hardy, Gawsworth, T. E. Lawrence, Joyce, Cunard, Tennant.
Note on Sources
1. Blast Before the War (1914)
2. War (1914-1918)
3. Wheels (1915-1921)
4. Sassoon “Cuts” Osbert (1922)
5. The Portrait of Edith (1922)
6. Ulysses and The Waste Land (1923)
7. The Façade (1923-1925)
8. The Apes of God (1923)
9. “The Jawbone” (1924)
10. Cunard Fall & Bloomsbury Rise
11. Best-Selling Poet (1927)
12. Hardy’s Funeral (1928)
13. Auden and Spender’s Picnic (1929)
14. Bloomsbury Tea (1929-1931)
15. Portrait, Holst & Wolfe (1927-1930)
16. The Georgiad (1931)
17. Pinchbeck Lyre (1931)
18. Fascist or Communist? (1932-1936)
19. The Addict (1930-1935)
20. Lawrence of Arabia (1919-1935)
21. Hitler – Truffle eater (1933-1936)
22. The Left Book Club (1936-1938)
23. The War of the Poets (1936-1938)
24. Outbreak of War (1939)
Characters + Chapters
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